ITALIAN TRANSLATION

SILA SECTION

LIFE AND POLITICAL ACTIVITY OF FAUSTO GULLO

Fausto Gullo was born in Catanzaro on the 16th of June l987 to Luigi and Clotilde Ranieri, but he spent his early years in Macchia, a small hamlet on the outskirts of Spezzano Piccolo, in the Cosentine pre-sila. He later moved to Cosenza where he exercised his profession as a lawyer and as a political activist. At a very early stage, Gullo  began  to have contacts with the local socialist movement. The advent of Fascism. and the immediate birth of parties opposed to this regime ,before and during the underground years, constitute another important face in which Gullo plays a major role in the leadership of the Communist party.

On the eve of the first World War, in the summer of 1914, Fausto Gullo was elected provincial counselor for the town of Spezzano Grande: during his tenure, he openly expounded his ideas which favored the abolition of all private property, of state religion and all existing institutions. Representing the Communist Federation of Cosenza as delegate to the congress of Rome, Fausto Gullo promoted new workers alliances. In fact, the new regional organ of the PCDL [    Communist workers' party] of Calabria  founded by Gullo and Fortunato La Camera, advocated a vehement intransigence in the fight against Fascism. In 1929 he is accused by the police for being responsible in advocating subversive ideas. In April of 1944, in a surprise move, he is nominated Minister of Agriculture in the second Badoglio government. Gullo is aware of the great responsibility placed on him in this important and difficult sector of the economy. Between the summer of 1944 and the spring of 1945, Gullo enacted several decrees dealing directly with the agrarian reform still in its formative stage. The ultimate objective of the Gullo's decrees was to join the interests of the state with those of the rural masses  through direct involvement. All efforts and writings are directed to the relationship between the state and the regions of Southern Italy whose historical development contributed to the backwardness of regions such as Calabria. His need to redefine the Southern Italian question inspired Gullo to publish some articles in which he attempts to explain the position of the Southern Italian regions vis a vis the new political reforms.

In July of 1946, Gullo was replaced as minister of Agriculture, now assigned to the Christian Democrat Antonio Segni, and was named Minister of Justice. In 1972 he retired from politics. He is still remembered for his strong attachment to his political principles and, after his death in Nov. 3, 1974 in Cosenza, people referred to him as the " Minister of the Farmers"

Translation: Mrs Fausto Falsetta, New Yorl - April 2006